How Your Retirement Benefit Is Paid

When you retire, your benefit is paid first from your member contribution account. After these funds have been paid out, your benefit is funded from a separate contribution your employer makes to VRS and investment earnings.

You receive your retirement benefit in the form of a monthly benefit according to a payout option you choose when you apply for service retirement: Basic Benefit, Basic Benefit with Partial Lump-Sum Option Payment (PLOP), Survivor Option, Survivor Benefit With PLOP or Advance Pension Option. The payout option you elect at retirement is irrevocable. You cannot change it after you retire, except for the Survivor Option under some conditions.

More information:

The Basic Benefit is a monthly benefit in retirement based on your age, total years of service credit and average final compensation. The unreduced benefit is calculated using a percentage of your average final compensation multiplied by your total years of service credit. This percentage is called a retirement multiplier. See VRS Retirement Plans for more information about your benefit calculation. An early retirement reduction factor is applied to this amount if you retire early.

The Basic Benefit does not provide a continuation of a benefit to a survivor. However, your named beneficiary may be eligible for a lump-sum payment of any funds remaining in your member contribution account upon your death.

With this option, you elect to receive a lower monthly benefit during your lifetime so that your survivor can receive a monthly benefit after your death. You can name any living person as your survivor; you also can name more than one survivor. If you elect the Survivor Option, you will choose a whole percentage of your benefit, between 10% and 100%, to go to your survivor. Your benefit amount is based on this percentage, your age and the age of your survivor at retirement. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requirements may limit the percentage that can go to a non-spouse survivor.

You can name a new survivor or revert to the Basic Benefit if:

  • Your survivor dies;
  • Your survivor is your spouse and you divorce with fewer than 20 years of marriage;
  • Your survivor is your spouse, you divorce after 20 or more years of marriage and your survivor dies, remarries or consents in writing to a change in the benefit; or
  • You provide VRS a written consent from your survivor giving up claim to a benefit along with proof of your survivor’s good health.

Note You can change the Survivor Option only once during your lifetime. In addition, if you are divorced and VRS has an Approved Domestic Relations Order (ADRO) on file, your benefit must be paid as directed by the ADRO.

If you revert to the Basic Benefit instead of naming a new survivor, the Basic Benefit is payable retroactively no more than 60 days before the date VRS receives your completed authorization form (VRS-5C). In the case of a divorce, the change is effective as of the date of the final divorce decree or no more than 60 days before the date VRS receives your completed authorization form.

If you work at least one year beyond the date you are eligible for an unreduced retirement benefit, you may elect to receive a one-time Partial Lump-Sum Option Payment (PLOP). This option reduces your monthly benefit. You can elect this option with the Basic Benefit or Survivor Option. If you elect the PLOP with the Basic Benefit, your beneficiary may be eligible for a lump-sum payment of any funds remaining in your member contribution account upon your death. However, because the PLOP is paid from your member contribution account, you may not have a balance upon your death. Or your balance may be lower than if you elected the Basic Benefit without the PLOP.

PLOP Amounts

You may elect up to three times the amount of your annual Basic Benefit. The amount depends on how long you work beyond your eligibility for an unreduced retirement as shown in the following table:

Partial Lump Sum Option (PLOP) Payment Amounts
Active Service Beyond Unreduced Retirement Eligibility Date PLOP Amount Example (Based on a VRS Plan 1 member with 33 years of service credit and $48,000 in average final compensation.)
12 months 1 x annual Basic Benefit amount (one-year PLOP) $26,928
24 months 1 or 2 x annual Basic Benefit amount (one- or two-year PLOP) $26,928 or $53,856
36 months or more 1, 2, or 3 x annual Basic Benefit amount (one-, two- or three-year PLOP) $26,928, $53,856 or $80,784

Qualifying for the PLOP

Prior service credit or granted service credit counts toward eligibility for unreduced retirement. However, to qualify for a PLOP, you must be working as an active member beyond the date you become eligible for an unreduced retirement benefit. Prior service credit or granted service credit cannot substitute for this active service.

Taxes and Rollovers

If you have the PLOP paid directly to you, VRS will deduct 20% for federal income tax and, if you live in Virginia, 4% for state income tax. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) also may impose an additional 10% tax penalty if you receive the PLOP before age 59½; there are exceptions to this rule. You can roll over the PLOP to the Commonwealth of Virginia 457 Deferred Compensation Plan or the Virginia Cash Match Plan if applicable, an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) or another qualified tax-deferred savings plan that accepts rollovers. An established account with a balance is required for PLOP payments to the Commonwealth of Virginia 457 Plan and the Virginia Cash Match Plan. For additional information, read the IRS 402(f) - Special Tax Notice - VRS Defined Benefit Plans, contact your tax advisor or visit the Internal Revenue Service website.

With this option, you elect to temporarily increase your monthly retirement benefit. The temporary increase begins at retirement and continues until an age you choose, between age 62 and your normal retirement age under Social Security. At the age you select, your retirement benefit permanently reduces. You can elect this option with an unreduced benefit or a reduced benefit. The Advance Pension Option does not provide a continuation of a benefit to a survivor.

If you are retiring with a reduced benefit, you can elect this option if:

  • You are a state employee, teacher or political subdivision employee, are age 55 or older (age 60 or older if you are in Plan 2 or the Hybrid Retirement Plan) and have at least five years of service credit; or
  • You are a member of the State Police Officers' Retirement System (SPORS), the Virginia Law Officers' Retirement System (VaLORS) or VRS serving in a political subdivision position covered by enhanced hazardous duty benefits, and you are age 50 or older with at least five years of service credit.

To determine your benefit amount, VRS will add a percentage of your estimated monthly Social Security benefit to your monthly VRS benefit. The percentage is based on several factors, including your age at retirement and the age you want your increased benefit to permanently reduce. When the temporary increase ends, your benefit will be reduced by the full estimated Social Security benefit used to determine your temporary increase. However, it will never reduce by more than 50% of your basic benefit amount.

To complete an estimate of your VRS retirement benefit under the Advance Pension Option, log in to your myVRS account and select Benefit Estimator. You can create different estimates to explore your retirement options. Each estimate can be saved for 30 days from the date it is created.

You will need an estimate of your Social Security benefit through the Social Security Administration website to create an estimate of your benefit under the Advance Pension Option or to elect the option at retirement. The Social Security estimate must be fewer than 12 months old, assume you will have no future earnings after leaving your position and be based on your Social Security earnings record.

When creating your estimate follow these steps:

  1. Go to and create or log in to your "my Social Security" account.
  2. On the Welcome page, scroll down to "Plan for Retirement." Under the heading "Retirement Age," select the age at which you want your VRS benefits to reduce—this usually coincides with the age you will begin receiving your Social Security benefits.
  3. Under the heading "Average Future Annual Salary," enter a "0" in the value field for dollar amount. This allows VRS to assume you will not have future earnings.
  4. Select the "Calculate" button, and a graph will appear on your screen. Print this page by selecting "Print/Save a Copy of your Estimates" and include with your retirement application if you are electing the Advance Pension Option.

If you are applying for retirement online, fax the printed pages to VRS at 804-786-9718. Otherwise, include the printout from step 4 with your paper retirement application and mail to VRS. VRS will use these results to create the Social Security estimate needed to calculate your benefit under the APO based on the age you would like your temporary VRS benefit increase to end.

If you have any issues with your "my Social Security" online account, you will need to contact the Social Security Administration directly at 800-772-1213.

Important Note The selection of the Advance Pension Option does not affect your Social Security benefit amount. You may draw your Social Security when you are eligible, regardless of the age you choose for your VRS benefit to reduce. You cannot elect the Advance Pension Option with another benefit payout option.